A new Computer Aided Design (CAD) platform for whole genome design is being launched by Genome Project-write (GP-write) and Twist Bioscience. The technology is expected to open up new frontiers in genome research with real-world applications to advance the development of therapeutics and solutions for environmental health.
The CAD technology will be an important development along the path to more facile writing of genomes, by eliminating a host of barriers that hinder genome design. Current platforms can be limited to small-scale changes in bacterial systems. The GP-write CAD will allow scientists to scale to other species with larger genomes. It will also automate workflows to enable collaborative efforts critical for scale-up from designing plasmids (kilobases) to whole chromosomes (megabases) across entire genomes (gigabases).
GP-write, conceived as a sequel to The Human Genome Project, is an open international project founded in 2015 to reduce the cost of engineering and testing large genomes. The group leverages advances in high throughput genome sequencing, gene editing, and synthetic biology to drive dramatic cost reductions and expedite whole-genome writing and redesign.
“CAD features will help inform the functional meaning of genetic mutations that cause disease and enable the reprogramming of genetic blueprints,” explained George Church, PhD, geneticist at Harvard Medical School and a founder of GP-write. This is important because computational feedback “will help expedite development of therapeutics such as targeted gene and cellular therapies, vaccines, and early diagnostics to combat rare genetic diseases,” added Church. The platform will provide critical guidance to the user on the proposed design, such as the genotypic and phenotypic consequences.
Emily Leproust, PhD, CEO of Twist Bioscience, is particularly enthusiastic about the practical applications the new software may enable when it comes to genomic advances that could fuel therapeutic breakthroughs and preserve the planet, major areas of focus.
“The CAD technology provides an important tool to make genome engineering and biological discovery more accessible to a wider spectrum of researchers, supporting the democratization of synthetic biology to improve human health and sustainability,” she said. “Environmental damage could be addressed by deploying engineered algae to clean up oil spills, for example, to restore natural resources. We are thrilled about the possibilities!”
Twist Bioscience, a leading synthetic biology and genomics company, is partnering with GP-write in an initiative to advance genome design. The GP-write CAD will offer a unique feature: direct orders of synthetic DNA from participating industrial partners. Twist will participate in the platform design and be the first industrial partner to benefit from this streamlined opportunity.
Reducing the cost and ease of design will have high utility and provide broad accessibility. Students, citizen scientists, professionals, and industry will soon be able to learn how to design genomes from scratch and receive feedback on the functional consequences of these designs. Tools to manage data among a distributed community will enable learning from others’ design processes through shared results.
Due to the size of whole genomes, large orders of synthetic DNA will be required if users wish to have their designs synthesized (or assembled). To facilitate this, direct orders of synthetic DNA may be placed from the CAD platform, and a participating biofoundry selected for assembly and testing of designed constructs. Upon completion, the newly designed genome will be shipped to the original user. Such a full-circuit international ecosystem is expected to be the first of its kind. All projects facilitated by the CAD software will be held to the highest safety standards and protocols as outlined by the International Gene Synthesis Consortium.