Construction time can be shortened by using skid or super-skid structures as well as generating piping isometrics directly from 3D-planning tools and utilizing prefabricated pipe spools from specialized and qualified centralized workshops. These efforts need to be coordinated with the logistics department to arrange for the just-in-time delivery of the spools to the construction site. These measures help shorten design and delivery times substantially, improve systems’ reliability, facilitate intercontinental data exchange, and decentralize project teams.
During pipe installation the number of weld seams is significantly lowered if bent piping is used rather than welding elbows. Bending (Figures 1A and 1B) and collaring (Figures 2A, 2B, and 2C) technology, along with advanced orbital welding techniques, permits savings of up to 40% on the piping construction and associated quality assurance costs at significantly shorter realization times.